Tuesday, July 18, 2006

Important English Grammar Notes for Essay Writing

1. Modals (Present form / Past form)
Can / Could
Will / Would
Shall / Should
May / Might
Do / Did
To
The words (verbs) after these modals must always be in root form which is the basic part of a verb without adding ‘-ing’ or ‘-ed’.

2. Words (Verbs) after ‘has’, ‘have’ or ‘had’ must be in past participle form.
Example 1: has written (‘written’ is the past participle form of the verb ‘write’)
Example 2: has held (‘held’ is the past participle form of the verb ‘hold’)

3. In a sentence where there are two verbs the first* verb must have the word ‘had’ in front of it.
Example: Eric told his father about what had happened to him.
*The first activity done / happened.

4. After these words the verb must be added ‘-ing’.
after, before, while, as, when, for, by
Examples:
Before eating
After trekking
By writing

5. Use articles ‘a’, ‘and’, ‘the’ before nouns.
Examples:
The grammar notes
A writing guide
An essay

6. Use auxiliaries or auxiliary verbs (is, are, am, was, were) before adjective.
The essay writing guide is useful.
Good Essays website is essential to everyone who wants to write a better essay.

7. During examinations, you should not use contractions such as didn’t, can’t… Use did not or cannot instead.

4 comments:

Anonymous said...

i don understand this one:

In a sentence where there are two verbs the first* verb must have the word ‘had’ in front of it.
Example: Eric told his father about what had happened to him.

is it the second* verb or first* verb must have the word 'had' in front of it.

Angel said...

This sentence is wrong: Eric told his father about what happened to him.

It is wrong because two verbs are in the past tense form which mean they were happening at the same time. How could Eric tell his father at the same time something happened to him?

This sentence is right: Ali sang and cycled on the road.

Although there are two verbs in the past tense form, this sentence is right because 'sang' and 'cycled' was happening at the same time.

Actually the first* verb that I mean is the action that happened first, not the order of the verb in the sentence.

Anonymous said...

ya, i got it...thank you so much...

Anonymous said...

i chanced upon this blog and wow its pretty useful hhah

anyway..

if i were to say

Eric told his father that he had bathed...

is this corect?